Oriental medicine developed empirically through practical application and observation as well as theoretically through scholars and entire schools of medicine over the past 3-5,000 years. It is the primary healthcare system in most of the East Asian world, and has increased in practice in Europe and the U.S. in recent decades.
It’s roots have been traced back to the new stone age (8,000-3,000 BCE) with archaeological findings of stone needles and medical terms scribed on tortoise shells in China. One of the first books unearthed describing acupuncture theory named “Huang Ti Nei Ching” (The Yellow Emperors Classic of InternalMedicine) dates back to the Warring States Period in China (300-100 BCE). The mummified remains of a man, now called Oetzi, dating back 5,000 years ago was discovered in the Italian Alps. He has non-ornamental tattoos on his body that correlate to acupuncture points that would be used to this day to treat his conditions of arthritis and gastrointestinal parasites. He also carried the fungus from Birch trees that has been shown to kill and purge the type of parasites (Whipworm) found in his intestines. This suggests that the use of energetic and herbal medicine was possibly in place in Europe during that time as well.